Developers often come across a situation where they are required to reduce database load by caching DB objects in RAM. Here Memcache improves Drupal application performance by moving standard caches out of the database and by caching the results of other expensive database operations. 

Note that Drupal doesn’t support Memcache by default, and for this, we need to install it on the server. Let’s see how to install Memcache on the server and configure it with Drupal 8 to reduce the load on the database with every page load.

Let’s see how to install Memcache on server

Open the terminal on your local machine and run the following codes:

Step 1: sudo apt-get update

Step 2: sudo apt install memcached

Step 3: sudo apt install php-memcached

Step 4: Make sure Memcache daemon is working fine by running the following command: 

“ps aux | grep memcached”

Step 5: Also, check whether the Memcached extension is properly configured in PHP7 by creating info.php page.

nano /var/www/html/memcache/info.php

And enter the below code 

<?php
phpinfo();
?>

Step 6: Now restart both Memcached and php7-fpm services 

service memcached restart
service php7.0-fpm restart

Step 7: Go to any web browser and access info.php as 

http://localhost/memcache/info.php”, and search for “Memcache” you will see the screen similar to the one mentioned below.

Memcache server

After installation of Memcache in your server, download Memcache module and Memcache Storage module. Now go to “http://yourdomain.com/admin/modules” and enable the two modules.

Memcache Enabled

Configuring Memcache with Drupal 8:

Open your site settings.php and paste the below code. Here we are using Memcache storage for Drupal 8 as it provides an integration of D8 and Memcached PECL.

// Set’s default cache storage as Memcache and excludes database connection for cache
$settings['cache']['default'] = 'cache.backend.memcache_storage';
// Set’s Memcache key prefix for your site and useful in working sites with same memcache as backend.
$settings['memcache_storage']['key_prefix'] = '';
// Set’s Memcache storage server’s.
$settings['memcache_storage']['memcached_servers'] =  ['127.0.0.1:11211' => 'default'];

To debug Memcache include below code following above code in settings.php

// Enables to display total hits and misses
$settings['memcache_storage']['debug'] = TRUE;
Memcache debug

Note: Before uninstalling Memcache and Memcache storage, comment/delete Memcache settings code from your settings.php file.

That’s it! If you are planning to configure Memcache with Drupal, you need to look out for three things: which cache bins will be offloaded with Memcache; website traffic and volume of content; and the amount of RAM allocated to Memcache. 

Now you know how to configure Memcache with Drupal 8 to reduce database load. Go ahead and try it on your own website. In case you need any help in installing and configuring Memcache with Drupal 8, do leave a comment below and I will get back to you ASAP!

References

https://dropsolid.com/en/blog/memcache-drupal-8 
https://www.drupal.org/node/2448995 
http://openconcept.ca/blog/mmallett/apc-varnish-memcache-and-caching-beyond-drupal-core

 

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